Article 1114

Title of the article

TIME HISTORY OF KHARKOV PROVINCE URBAN
   POPULATION IN THE SECOND HALF OF XIX CENTURY 

Authors

Nikitin Yuriy Aleksandrovich, Candidate of historical sciences, associate professor, sub-department of history
and historical philosophy, Institute of philosophical education and science, National Pedagogical University named after M. P. Dragomanov (9 Pirogova street, Kiev, Ukraine), nikitin_ua@mail.ru 

Index UDK

94(477) «18» 

Abstract

Background. Demographic and urbanistic processes that take place in modern Ukraine by its significance and measures remind the changes that occurred in the Russian Empire and were the results of the reforms of the second half of the ХІХ century. Today it determines the necessity of studying the factors that influenced the migration processes, changes in the number and the structure of urban population that would allow us to forecast and change some of them. The purpose of the work is to analyze some factors that influenced the dynamics of changes in the number and the structure of population in Kharkiv province.
Materials and methods. Implementation of research tasks was achieved through the usage of documents from the State Archives of Sumy and Kharkiv regions. Special place belongs to the great number of published documents: The first general population census of the Russian Empire. 1897 Kharkiv region; Russia. Complete geographical description of our Fatherland; Geographical and Statistical Dictionary of the Russian Empire; Kharkiv calendars and Commemorative books of Kharkiv province in different years. Methodological potential includes the comparative historical method, application of which allows to compare the level of demographic and urbanization processes in the cities of Slobozhanshchina; the statistical method, importance of which is obvious for data analysis related to the changes in the urban population of the Kharkiv province.
Results. The basic factors that affected the urban population changes of Kharkiv province were studied; the peculiarities of urbanization processes within the studied region were examined. The article highlights the key activities of the urban population, the interdependence between the living standards of the citizens and the pace of economic development of human settlements in the second half of XIX century.
Conclusions. Studying the dynamics of the urban population allows us to determine irregularity of market relations extension in the Russian Empire in the second half of XIX century, set the basic factors that influenced the changes in the number of urban dwellers, identify new areas for further studying of the scientific problems. 

Key words

Kharkov province, reforms, cities, migration, population. 

Download PDF
References

1. Gosudarstvennyy arkhiv Sumskoy oblasti [State archives of Suma region]. F. 1. Op. 1. D. 24. L. 40–42 ob.
2. Kaufman A. A. Pereseleniya i kolonizatsiya [Migration and colonization]. Saint Petersburg: Tip. «Obshchaya pol'za», 1905.
3. Polnoe sobranie zakonov Rossiyskoy imperii [Complete code of laws of the Russian Empire]. Saint Petersburg: Tip. Otdel'noy Ego Imperatorskogo Velichestva Kantselyarii, 1891, coll. 3, vol. ІX.
4. Yamzin I. Pereselencheskoe dvizhenie v Rossii [Migration in Russia]. Kiev: Tip. Imperatorskogo universiteta Sv. Vladimira, 1912.
5. Mironov B. N. Russkiy gorod. 1740–1860-e gody: demograficheskoe, sotsial'noe i ekonomicheskoe razvitie [Russian city. 1740–1860: demographic, social and economic development]. Leningrad: Nauka, 1990.
6. Pamyatnaya knizhka Khar'kovskoy gubernii na 1864 g. [Tickler of Kharkov region of 1864]. Kharkov: Universitetskaya tipografiya, 1863.
7. Khar'kovskiy kalendar' na 1888 g. [Kharkov calendar of 1888]. Kharkov: Tip. Gubernskogo pravleniya, 1887.
8. Pervaya vseobshchaya perepis' naseleniya Rossiyskoy imperii 1897 g. [First general population census of the Russian Empire of 1897] Ed. N. A. Troynitskiy. Saint Petersburg: Izdanie Tsentral'nogo statisticheskogo komiteta Ministerstva vnutrennikh del, 1904, vol. 46, Kharkov region, 300 p.
9. Rossiya. Polnoe geograficheskoe opisanie nashego Otechestva [Russia. Complete geographic description of our Fatherland]. Saint Petersburg: Izdanie A. F. Derviera, 1903, vol. 7.
10. Geografichesko-statisticheskiy slovar' Rossiyskoy imperii [Geographic-statistical dictionary of the Russian Empire]. Saint Petersburg: Izdanie A. F. Derviera, 1885, vol. 5.
11. Kabuzan V. M. Izmeneniya v razmeshchenii naseleniya Rossii v XVIII−XIX vv. [Changes in Russian population settlement in XVIII–XIX centuries]. Moscow: Nauka, 1971.
12. Istoriya Ukrainskoy SSR: v 2 t. [History of the Ukrainian SSR: in 2 volumes]. Kiev: Izd-vo AN USSR, 1953, vol. 1.
13. Golobuts'kiy V. O. Ekonomіchna іstorіya Ukraїns'koї RSR. Dozhovtneviy perіod [Economic history of Ukranian RSR. Dozhovtnevy period]. Kiev: Naukova dumka, 1970.
14. Rashin A. G. Naselenie Rossii za 100 let (1811−1913 gg.) [Russian population for 100 years (1811–1913)]. Moscow: Gos. stat. izd-vo, 1956.
15. Khar'kovskiy kalendar' na 1868 god [Kharkov calendar of 1868]. Kharkov: Tip. Gubernskogo statisticheskogo komiteta, 1867.
16. Geografichesko-statisticheskiy slovar' Rossiyskoy imperii [Geographic-statistical dictionary of the Russian Empire]. Saint Petersburg: Tip. V. Bezobrazova i Komp., 1885, vol. 5, 1003 p.
17. Gusev A. A. Khar'kov. Ego proshloe i nastoyashchee v risunkakh i opisaniyakh [Kharkov. Its past and present in illustrations and descriptions]. Kharkov: Tip. Darre, 1902, pp. 33–34.
18. Khar'kovskiy kalendar' na 1887 g. [Kharkov calendar of 1887]. Kharkov: Tip. Gubernskogo pravleniya, 1886.
19. Soloshenko O. M. Zmіni chisel'nostі ta skladu naselennya Lіvoberezhnoї Ukraїni v ІІ polovinі KhІKh st: avtoref. dis. kand. іst. nauk [Changes in amount of population of the Left-bank Ukraine in the second half of XIX century: author’s abstract of dissertation to apply for the degree of the candidate of historical sciences]. Kharkov, 1997.
20. Khar'kovskiy kalendar' na 1877 god [Kharkov calendar of 1877]. Kharkov: Tip. Gubernskogo statisticheskogo komiteta, 1876.
21. Khar'kovskiy kalendar' na 1885 god [Kharkov calendar of 1885]. Kharkov: Tip. Gubernskogo pravleniya, 1884.
22. Sapukhіna L. P. Sumi. Kharkov: Prapor, 1894.
23. Geografichesko-statisticheskiy slovar' Rossiyskoy imperii [Geographic-statistical dictionary of the Russian Empire]. Saint Petersburg: Tip. V. Bezobrazova i Komp., 1863, vol. 1, 727 p.
24. Geografichesko-statisticheskiy slovar' Rossiyskoy imperii [Geographic-statistical dictionary of the Russian Empire]. Saint Petersburg: Tip. V. Bezobrazova i Komp., 1865, vol. 2, 898 p.

 

Дата создания: 21.10.2014 08:32
Дата обновления: 10.07.2015 09:53